Document Type: Original Article
Department of Geology, Faculty of Earth Science, Shahid Chamran University Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran
National Iranian South Oil Company, Ahwaz, Iran
The study of each part of petroleum system is necessary. However, recently, petroleum geologists focused their attention on the study of source rock, migration and accumulation with use of different geochemical methods. Of these, carbon isotope and biomarkers or chemical fossils are new scopes in petroleum geology especially in correlation. The member 1 of Gachsaran formation divided can be into 6 keybeds that B keybed is very important specially in drilling of Pazanan oil wells. The aim of this study is the evaluation of the cap rock in the Pazanan oil field in view of lithology, isotope and chemical variations. Bituminous shale sample was analysed geochemically. The analytical data of Bitumen`s biomarkers belong to member 1 of Gachsaran Formation applied to evaluate sedimentary basin and maturity evaluation of probable source rocks in the caprock. The presence of tricyclic terpanes, bisnorhopane and low quantity of Gammacrane index is subsidiary of low salinity. Some organic geochemical indicators of caprock are also indicating lagoonal environment. Maturity analyses showed that bituminous shale of keybed B is immature. δ13C in extracted saturate and aromatic parts of bitumen is measured -25.1 and -22.8‰ respectively. Carbon isotope value (δ13C) of carbonate samples is - 20.7. The value δ34S of anhydrite in mudstone is 16.6-16.8‰, but it increased in anhydrite samples (20.8-21.1‰). These values reflects the presence of two fluids, diagenetic (brackish) and primary sea water. This measurements indicating non-marine source. These data and lithological variations verify a Sabkha-lagoonal environment. The hot-wet and hot-dry climate can be concluded.